Types of Residential House| Buying a Land | Accessibility | Soil Condition | Topography | Neighborhood | Vaastu |Components | Bed Room | Living Room | Bath Room | Kitchen | Dinning Room

Buying a Land Price Existing Waste Water System
    Zoning and Restriction Neighborhood
    Selection of Your Land Topography
    Accessibility Encumbrances
    Soil Condition Land Selection Worksheet
    Water Table   Worksheet


Topography could be simply introduced as the landform. This affects the building foundation type, the building form and its relationship to the ground, site drainage etc.

You may select a plot of land in a flat land, in a moderate slope or in a steep slope. Wherever it is, the topography affects your home and its foundation.

In a flat land your house could be,

(1) Sit on a raised pad, where the earth pads aid in draining surface water away from structure.


(2) Put up above ground on piers or columns, in which case piers and piles are used not only to elevate a building above the ground but also to support buildings situated on or over loose soil.


(3) Dug into earth and beamed. Check for the height of sites seasonal water table in order to avoid heavy water proofing of the below water-table parts of the building.


In this kind of a building the earth beams may possibly be used as the buildings side walls.


Building over water bodies could be supported on piles or caissons resting on a hard soil surface or simply by floatation.

In the case of moderate slope your house could be cut into the slope as shown in the figure.


Or else your home could be elevated on piers or columns as shown below.


If the land you have selected is situated in a steep slope the building could sit above the ground on piers or columns to minimize disturbances caused to the ground. In such a situation care should be taken to provide for the channeling of both ground water and surface water, and to use plants to prevent soil erosion.

The second option left to you with this type of a land is to terrace or step the land and then build your new home. In such a case use of retaining walls to prevent soil erosion and to stabilize the soil is a must. It must be kept in your mind that it is favorable for you if the amount of cut approximates the amount of fill.


The third option is to cut into the slope and build your future home accordingly. But keep in mind that your home is subjected to above normal earth loads.


Topography also affects the climate of a small area. For example large water bodies such as tanks act as heat containers and tend to moderate temperature fluctuations. They generally are warmer than the land in cold climates and cooler in not climates. They also are cooler than land in the daytime and are warmer at night creating off shone breezes.

Hard surfaces tend to put the temperature up. Light colored surfaces reflect heat waves while dark colored surfaces absorb and retain heat.
Ground covers such as grass tend to lower temperatures by absorbing heat and promoting cooling by evaporation.

Always remember

· Disturbances to natural drainage patterns should be avoided.
· Check for the local flood level.
· Check for the site water table and it's seasonal changes.

[Back to Buying a Land] [Top] [Next]

Architects | Quantity Surveyors | Contractors | Consultants | Landscape | Interior | | Concrete | Developers | Land| Mortgage |Government | Brokers | Surveyors | Advice | Guide | Apartments

Paints | Tiles | Curtains | Lights | Furniture | Carpets | Air Conditioning | Sanitaryware | Security | Doors | Electrical | Granite | Fire | Insulation | Locks | Marble | Roof | Timber | Pantry Accessories | Water Pumps | Roller Shutters

Best resolution 800 x 600 using MS Internet Explorer 4.00v or Higher........!
Copyright (C) 2001 Home Page (Pvt) Ltd. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part with out permission is prohibited