An architect is a professional in the building industry.
He is educated and trained to design buildings and to perform as the leader of
the design team.
To become an architect, a student has to carry on over
five years of full time studies and two years of practical experience. When he
has obtained the associate membership of the SLIA, by the architects' law No.01
of 1976 of national state assembly, he is considered to be a fully qualified chartered
Before designing a building, your architect will
first study and analyze the site and the surrounding area. He will identify the
real potential of the site. There will be characteristic spaces in any given area.
For example; in pettah area alleyways, niches, small open yards are seen which
are specific to the said area. Your architect will identify such spaces in designing
Taking in to consideration the above said and all
other aspects, your architect will decide upon the form of the building. Architects
say that the form of the building is an outcome of its purpose or function. Your
architect will decide whether your building is a box or it is a pyramid, its length
and width, solid areas of the building and void areas etc.
In any building function, there happens to be a flow.
For example; in a kitchen, first comes the storage. Then comes the worktop and
sinks. After them there will be the burners. Then comes the server. This arrangement
facilitates the user. She comes in, takes row food and containers from storage.
Then she cuts skins and washes them and cooks them. After that she serves them.
You can compare the two orders to see the compatibility. Every house and any building
have this compatibility. Achieving this compatibility is the 3D planing and arrangement
of spaces. This facilities the smooth functioning of the building.
Aesthetics is of major concerns when it comes to design buildings. Length,
width and the height of building in relation to each other is a major component
of aesthetics. It acquires your building a delicacy. It contributes drastically
to the architecture of a building.
In building, colonaded areas, glazed
areas etc has a void- links effected. They are referred to as voids. On the other
hand roof areas, walls etc has a solid effect in the elevation and they are referred
to as solids. In addition to heights, lengths and widths presence of such solids
and voids also contributes to the aesthetics of a building.
Even the solid
to void ratio is very important. It also determines the appearance of the building.
Size as a single design element contributes to the aesthetics of your
building. In simple English, your building should not be too large or too small
to the surrounding area. If it is too small the effect of your building will not
come out. If it is too large it will be a monster, which dominates its surrounding.
Finding the perfect balance of size in this context is also very important.
Colour also is an important element in aesthetics. The colour of your building
should be pleasing. It should suit the surroundings and it should suit your building.
You can do many things with colour. For example, you can contrast colour. Green
and red are two contrasting colours, or you can harmonize colours. Beige and brown
are two harmonizing colours. Slender colour patches reveal a dynamic nature in
spaces. For example a door painted blue in a white room generates a dynamic nature.
You can apply colour in various ways. Spraying, Painting, applying with a roller
are few of them. Each of these methods create a specific and diverse effect.
Texture also pays a vital role in aesthetics. Your building finishes could
be suttle, semi rough or rough. Each of these finishes has a specific effect.
You should select the texture of your building to suit the building it self, the
function of the building, its maintenance, the surrounding context etc. For example,
for a building in the beach a rustic finish will be suitable. On the other hand
for a transport terminal a suttle texture will not be suitable. Therefore always
try to select a texture considering all these factors