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An architect is a professional in the building industry. He is educated and trained to design buildings and to perform as the leader of the design team.

To become an architect, a student has to carry on over five years of full time studies and two years of practical experience. When he has obtained the associate membership of the SLIA, by the architects' law No.01 of 1976 of national state assembly, he is considered to be a fully qualified chartered architect.

Architectural Analysis

Before designing a building, your architect will first study and analyze the site and the surrounding area. He will identify the real potential of the site. There will be characteristic spaces in any given area. For example; in pettah area alleyways, niches, small open yards are seen which are specific to the said area. Your architect will identify such spaces in designing your buildings.

Form Making

Taking in to consideration the above said and all other aspects, your architect will decide upon the form of the building. Architects say that the form of the building is an outcome of its purpose or function. Your architect will decide whether your building is a box or it is a pyramid, its length and width, solid areas of the building and void areas etc.


In any building function, there happens to be a flow. For example; in a kitchen, first comes the storage. Then comes the worktop and sinks. After them there will be the burners. Then comes the server. This arrangement facilitates the user. She comes in, takes row food and containers from storage. Then she cuts skins and washes them and cooks them. After that she serves them. You can compare the two orders to see the compatibility. Every house and any building have this compatibility. Achieving this compatibility is the 3D planing and arrangement of spaces. This facilities the smooth functioning of the building.


Aesthetics is of major concerns when it comes to design buildings. Length, width and the height of building in relation to each other is a major component of aesthetics. It acquires your building a delicacy. It contributes drastically to the architecture of a building.

In building, colonaded areas, glazed areas etc has a void- links effected. They are referred to as voids. On the other hand roof areas, walls etc has a solid effect in the elevation and they are referred to as solids. In addition to heights, lengths and widths presence of such solids and voids also contributes to the aesthetics of a building.
Even the solid to void ratio is very important. It also determines the appearance of the building.

Size as a single design element contributes to the aesthetics of your building. In simple English, your building should not be too large or too small to the surrounding area. If it is too small the effect of your building will not come out. If it is too large it will be a monster, which dominates its surrounding. Finding the perfect balance of size in this context is also very important.

Colour also is an important element in aesthetics. The colour of your building should be pleasing. It should suit the surroundings and it should suit your building. You can do many things with colour. For example, you can contrast colour. Green and red are two contrasting colours, or you can harmonize colours. Beige and brown are two harmonizing colours. Slender colour patches reveal a dynamic nature in spaces. For example a door painted blue in a white room generates a dynamic nature. You can apply colour in various ways. Spraying, Painting, applying with a roller are few of them. Each of these methods create a specific and diverse effect.

Texture also pays a vital role in aesthetics. Your building finishes could be suttle, semi rough or rough. Each of these finishes has a specific effect. You should select the texture of your building to suit the building it self, the function of the building, its maintenance, the surrounding context etc. For example, for a building in the beach a rustic finish will be suitable. On the other hand for a transport terminal a suttle texture will not be suitable. Therefore always try to select a texture considering all these factors

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